Kenya’s 2030 Vision places a huge importance on energy and the uptake of renewable energy and improved energy efficiency. It has ambitious plans for its long-term energy development strategy.
The Renewable Energy Resource Assessment in 44 Counties project was set up to assess the different forms of renewable energy resources and technologies available in Kenya, and to determine the practices, behaviours, and attitudes towards renewable energy and energy efficiency at a domestic level by the Kenyan Ministry of Energy and Petroleum, and financed by Agence Française de Développement.
There was little prior knowledge on domestic practices, behaviours, and attitudes so this project would therefore fill a large gap in the government’s knowledge.
Our approach involved an extensive door-to-door survey carried out in over 10,000 homes across 44 counties of Kenya. The data collection period was nine weeks from the beginning of October to early December 2016. To collect the data, 20 local Kenyan engineering graduates were hired as door-to-door surveyors. Atkins Acuity carried out a two-week training course to equip them with the necessary skills, as well as enhancing their knowledge on renewable energy technologies. The surveyors’ local knowledge was invaluable in enabling them to engage with the public and obtain a vast amount of qualitative data in addition to the survey data.
The survey questionnaire was carefully constructed by Atkins’ renewable energy team and was conducted on mobile devices for consistency and improved reliability of results. The devices were specially programmed by Atkins’ geospatial team who used tailored survey software, enabling the location of each survey to be digitally captured.
An analysis of the survey data allowed the Atkins teams to investigate the uses of different forms of renewable energy at county, regional, and national levels, and then provide policy recommendations.
In addition to the reports and database submitted, Acuity carried out a capacity building programme with the Ministry of Energy and Petroleum. Acuity provided thorough GIS and data analysis training to enable the Ministry to make future use of the survey data, and carry out further analysis in the specific areas that they wished to explore.
After the submission of the final report, Acuity organised a workshop with energy representatives from the counties, the Ministry of Energy, and other key stakeholders including the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Kenya Power and Lighting Company (KPLC), and the German Development Agency (GIZ). The aim of the workshop was to feed back the county, regional, and national level findings from the report, generate and share ideas between groups, and facilitate further engagement between the counties, stakeholders, and government.
This project is helping to accelerate and implement sector reform policies enabling Kenya to achieve its 2030 Vision and also to realise Sub-Saharan Africa’s vision of “Sustainable Energy for All”
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